Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation,  Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Jennifer Smith, Ph.D., is interested in understanding the factors that influence community structure in benthic marine ecosystems. Her primary interests lie in determining how different anthropogenic impacts affect coral reef community structure. Dr. Smith’s research often goes beyond basic ecology by integrating conservation, restoration, management and sustainability. More recently she has been investigating the interactions of microbes and macrobes on coral reefs and have shown that these indirect interactions may be highly important to overall community structure and function.

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Jennifer Smith | Scripps Institution of Oceanography profile


Smith, J.E., C.L Hunter and C.M. Smith (2010) The effects of top-down and bottom-up factors on benthic coral reef community structure. Oecologia, In Press; DOI: 10.1007/s00442-009- 1546-z

Dailer, M.L., Knox, R.S., Smith, J.E., Napier, M., and Smith, C. M. (2010) Using delta-15N values in algal tissue to map locations and potential sources of anthropogenic nutrient inputs on the island of Maui, Hawai‘i, USA. Marine Pollution Bulletin, In Press.

Salomon, A.K., S.K. Gaichas, N.T. Shears, J.E. Smith, E.M.P. Madin, and S.D. Gaines (2010) Cascading Consequences of Fishing: Navigating Towards Resilient Marine Ecosystems. Conservation Biology, In Press.

Barott, K., J.E. Smith, E. Dinsdale, M. Hatay, S. Sandin, and F.L. Rohwer (2009) Hyperspectral and physiological analyses of coral-algal interactions. PLoS ONE 4(11): e8043. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0008043

Hillebrand, H., D.S. Gruner, M.E. Bracken, E.E. Cleland, J.J. Elser, W.S. Harpole, J.T. Ngai, E.W. Seabloom, J.B. Shurin, J.E. Smith (2009) Herbivore metabolism and stoichiometry each constrain herbivory at different organizational scales across ecosystems. Ecology Letters 12: 516-527.

Smith, J.E., Kuwabara, J. Coney, J. Flanagan, K., Beets, J., Brown, D. Stanton, F., Takabayashi, M. duPlessis, S. Griesemer, B.K., Barnes, S., Turner, J. (2009) An unusual cyanobacterial bloom in Hawaii. Coral Reefs 27: 851.

Vermeij, M.J.A., J.E. Smith, S.A. Sandin, C.M. Smith (2009) Survival and settlement success of coral planulae: synergistic and independent effects of macroalgae and microbes. Oecologia 159(2):325-336.

Smith, J.E., H. Spalding, R. Okano and C. M. Smith (2008). Seaweed communities of Molokai. In An Atlas of Molokai’s Marine Ecosystems. USGS publication.

Gruner, D.S., J.E. Smith, E.W. Seabloom, S.A. Sandin, J.T. Ngai, H. Hillebrand, W.S. Harpole, J.J. Elser, E.E. Cleland, M.E.S. Bracken, E.T. Borer and B.M. Bolker (2008). A cross-system synthesis of consumer and nutrient resource control on producer biomass. Ecology Letters 11: 740-755.

Sandin, S.A., J.E. Smith, E.E. DeMartini, E.A. Dinsdale, S.D. Donner, A.M. Friedlander, T. Konotchick, M. Malay, J.E. Maragos, D. Obura, O. Pantos, G. Paulay, M. Richie, F.L. Rohwer, R.E. Schroeder, S. Walsh, J.B.C. Jackson, N. Knowlton, E. Sala (2008) Changes in coral reef communities across a gradient of human disturbance. PLoS-One.

Smith, J.E., E.J. Conklin, C.L. Hunter, C.M. Smith (2008) Response to “Fighting alien algae in Kane’ohe Bay”. Science 319: 157-158.

Elser, J.J., M.E. Bracken, E.E Cleland, D.S Gruner, W.S. Harpole, Hillebrand, H., J.T. Ngai, E.W. Seabloom, J.B. Shurin, J.E. Smith (2007) A global analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary producers in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. Ecology Letters 10: 1135-1142.

Williams, S.L. and J.E. Smith (2007) A global review of the distribution, taxonomy and ecological impacts of introduced seaweeds. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 38: 327-359.

Diaz-Pulido G., McCook L.J., Larkum A.W.D., Lotze H.K., Raven J.A., Schaffelke B., Smith J.E., Steneck R.S. (2007) Vulnerability of macroalgae of the Great Barrier Reef to climate change. In: Marshall PA, Johnson J (Ed), Climate change and the Great Barrier Reef. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Townsville, pp 153-192.

Hillebrand, H., D.S. Gruner, M.E. Bracken, E.E. Cleland, J.J. Elser, W.S. Harpole, J.T. Ngai, E.W. Seabloom, J.B. Shurin, J.E. Smith. (2007) Plant community structure and ecosystem productivity regulate the intrinsic control of plant diversity across major ecosystem types. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104: 10904-10905.

Smith, J.E., M. Shaw, R.A. Edwards, D. Obura, D., O. Pantos, E. Sala, S. A. Sandin, S. Smriga, M. Hatay, F.L. Rohwer (2006) Indirect effects of algae on coral: algae-mediated, microbe- induced coral mortality. Ecology Letters 9: 835-845.

Schaffelke, B., J.E. Smith and C.L. Hewitt (2006) Introduced macroalgae: a growing concern. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium. Journal of Applied Phycology 18: 529- 541.

Zuccarello, G.C., A.T. Critchley, J.E. Smith and J.A. West (2006) Systematics and genetic variation in commercial Kappaphycus and Eucheuma (Solieriaceae, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium. Journal of Applied Phycology 18: 643-651.

Zemke-White, W.L. and J.E. Smith (2006) Environmental impacts of seaweed farming in the tropics. In: A.T. Critchley, M. Ohno and D.B. Largo (Ed), World Seaweed Resources: An authoritative reference system.

Smith, J.E., J.W. Runcie and C.M. Smith (2005) Bloom dynamics and physiological ecology of the invasive green alga Cladophora sericea on West Maui. Marine Ecology Progress Series 302: 77-91.

Conklin, E.J. and J.E. Smith (2005) Increases in abundance and development of management options for the invasive red alga Kappaphycus in Kane’ohe Bay, Hawai’i. Biological Invasions 7: 1029-1039.

Friedlander, A. , G. Aeby, E. Brown, A. Clark, S. Coles, S. Dollar, D. Gulko, C. Hunter, P. Jokiel, J.E. Smith, B. Walsh, I. Williams and W. Wiltse (2005) The Status of the Coral Reef Ecosystems of the Main Hawaiian Islands. In The Status of the Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2004.

Smith, J.E., C. Smith, P. Vroom, K. Beach, S. Miller (2004) Nutrient dynamics of the green alga Halimeda tuna on Conch Reef, Florida Keys: possible influence of internal tides on nutrient status and physiology. Limnology and Oceanography. 49(6): 1923-1936.

Smith, J.E., R. Most, T. Sauvage, C. Hunter, C. Squair and E. Conklin (2004) Ecology of the invasive red alga Gracilaria salicornia in Waikiki and possible mitigation strategies. Pacific Science 58(2) 325-343.

Vroom, P.S., C.M. Smith, J.A. Coyer, L.J. Walters, C.L. Hunter, K.S. Beach, J.E. Smith (2003) Field biology of Halimeda tuna (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) across a depth gradient: comparative growth, survivorship, recruitment, and reproduction. Hydrobiologia 501(1): 149- 166.

Runcie, J.W. and J.E. Smith (2003) Introduction to special issue: Nutrient dynamics in coastal ecosystems-linking physical and biological processes. Journal of Marine Systems 42(3-4): 81- 82.

Smith, J.E., C.L. Hunter and C.M. Smith (2002) Distribution and reproductive characteristics of nonindigenous and invasive marine algae in the Hawaiian Islands. Pacific Science 56(3): 299- 315.

Vroom, P. S., J.E. Smith and C.M. Smith (2001) Observations of reproduction in Rhipidosiphon javensis (Halimedineae, Bryopsidales) in Hawai’i. Phycologia 40(1): 97-100.

Smith, J.E., C.L. Hunter and C.M. Smith (2001) The effects of herbivory and nutrient enrichment on benthic community structure and development on a Hawaiian Reef. Coral Reefs 19: 332-342.